Who conducts the orchestra? It`s amazing how many different answers to this question. Only one is technically correct; I did it. Orchestras are, as community-funded non-profit organizations, led by a volunteer board of directors. Oddly enough, the technically correct answer is also the one that works best in practice. The financially successful orchestras are all those that have a strong board of directors and are responsible for the successes and failures of the organization, as well as artistic and administrative collaborators. How are orchestras funded? U.S. orchestras are funded by a combination of earned revenues (usually ticketing revenues and moderator fees, such as tour and run-out sponsors) and contributions from foundations. Supplements include individual donations, corporate donations, foundation grants, funds from a community-wide arts fund and funds from different levels of government. Business income represents 40-50% of the total funding of most orchestras, with the foundation`s revenues accounting for an additional 10%. The remaining revenue from non-governmental sources fills the remaining void.
Most U.S. orchestras receive only a small percentage of their total revenue from direct government funding, although it is interesting to note that the value of the tax deduction collected by individuals and businesses for their contributions is very important and is one of the main reasons for the relative success of the “American model” of orchestra funding. How do auditions work? All performing arts organizations use some kind of test performance to hire actors. The orchestra pre-audition system, developed for decades by American orchestras, is probably the most complete and formalized of all these rehearsals. The pre-singing process usually begins with advertising an orchestra for an opening in the International Musician and the Local Union Journal (although some orchestras also advertise on their website and website MyAuditions.com). Potential auditions are invited to send a CV (and sometimes a filing that is returned when the candidate arrives at the hearing – a process designed to prevent candidates from not showing up and reducing the schedule). Some orchestras invite all candidates. Other screen suites and only load selected candidates. And some ask some or all the candidates for the soundtracks of past appearances. What is the warrant? Tenure is a concept borrowed from the university post (which has many other similarities to the orchestra position).
The concept is that after a “trial period”, a worker whose performance is satisfactory receives tenure and is protected from dismissal, with the exception of a monstrous fault or a grossly poor performance.